The Changing Distribution of Worker Earnings

On Friday, the Congressional Budget Office released a new study examining how worker earnings changed from 1979 through 2007. The report is full of important facts about the evolution of earnings throughout the earnings distribution and, in particular, among the highest earners.

For example, the following chart illustrates how the earnings of men and women (age 25-54) have changed at different points in the earnings distribution:

Earnings of Men and Women

The chart confirms two well-known findings: men, on average, earn more than women, and high-earners have seen the largest earnings gains in recent decades. Other takeaways include:

  • In real terms (i.e., adjusting for inflation), men at the 10th and 50th percentiles (of the male earnings distribution) in 2007 earned about the same as similarly situated men back in 1979.
  • Women’s earnings have been growing faster than men’s. Women at the 10th and 50th percentile (of the female earnings distribution), for example, had higher earnings in 2007 than their counterparts in 1979.
  • Women at the 90th percentile in 1979 earned a bit less than the median man. In 2007, however, a woman at the 90th percentile earned 66% more than the median man.

The following chart illustrates how earnings have evolved among the top 10% of men and the top 10% of women from 1989 to 2007:

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